Beautiful sunset at Brenton-on-Sea, Eden, Western Cape, South Africa.
The first gravel road linking George and Knysna was laid in the 1860’s along a rough wagon trail. The road remained the principal route between the towns until the trunk road was built after the Second World War. The modern road follows the coast, while the old road, known as the Passes Route, runs inland. It is a delightful 82 kilometre drive through lushly forested areas.
Where the route crosses the Swart River it rises to a pass through the forest, then winds from a plateau to the Kaaimans ‘crocodile’ River and the bridge over the Silver River. At Ginnesville a branch road leads to Wilderness. The ravine crossing of the Touws River (river of the ford) is another of the passes on the Passes Route.
After crossing the Kleinkeur River the old road reaches Woodville forest station. A permit can be obtained here to explore a circular drive to Bergplaats and Kleinplaat forestry stations.
The Passes Route again crosses the Swart River and climbs to a plateau beyond Karatara, where there is another forestry station. East of Karatara River, is Barrington, with the forestry reserve of Farleigh to its north.
The road now enters the forest of the Homtini Pass and winds to the bottom of the turbulent Homtini River gorge.
Beyond the eastern summit of the pass a turn-off leads to the abandoned gold town of Millwood.
The road forks again after passing the forestry settlement of Rheenendal and the left-hand gravel road leads through the Phantom Pass to a steep but easy road from which glorious views of the Knysna River valley can be seen.
From Mossel Bay to the Storms River is a necklace of bays, beaches, cliffs and rocky capes strung together along a line of pounding white surf. The mountain ranges crowd close to the shoreline and, with a rainfall of around 2 500 millimetres on the peaks, bring a plentiful water supply to the narrow coastal terrace. Here every square metre of soil seems to nourish jumble of trees and flowering plants that a cultivated garden would pale into insignificance in comparison.
The 227 kilometres of this coastline is the Garden Route, a region of eternal freshness and greenery.
The climate is mild and equable. Rainfall is scattered throughout the year, most of it falling at night. A blight of most of the African continent is thus avoided – rainfall concentrated into a short season of floods followed by months so dry that rivers become sand and the vegetation so dead that it is simply a fire waiting to be started.
From the time of its first discovery by man this coastal terrace has delighted visitors. The French explorer, François Le Vaillant, passed this way in the 1780s, and the description he has left might well apply today: “The land bears the name Outeniqua, which in the Hottentot tongue means ‘a man laden with honey’. The flowers grow there in millions, the mixture of pleasant scents which arises from them, their colour, their variety, the pure an fresh air which on breathers there, all make one stop and think nature has made an enchanted abode of this beautiful place.”
Seldom cooler than 20°C, the coastal waters teem with game fish. Divers find a magic world of brilliantly coloured sea plants, molluscs and vast shoals of little fish. Suddenly, a rocky shoreline will give way to a secluded, sandy beach. Victoria Bay is renowned as one of the world’s best surfing beaches. The rivers, deeply stained with the amber colour of the soil have lovely stretches navigable by small boats; the wild flowers and the high forests offer long, cool drives down tunnels of shade beneath the trees; there is a mining ghost town to explore, and gold still to be panned in several steams.
Along the Garden Route is little to harm man other than his own folly. For the continent of Africa this is indeed a rare pleasure. There are no malarial mosquitoes, no bilharzia worms in the rivers, no crocodiles or other predatory animals and save leopards which keep to themselves in the mountains. A few elephants still survive in the depths of the Knysna Forest, but are seldom seen.
At some time or another, nearly every South African with the means to go on holiday spends some time on this coast. For visitors to the country it is one of the highlights of a complete tour. The region is excellently served by roads and has a delightful branch railway from George to Knysna still (and it is hoped for years to come) worked by steam locomotives. The region has numerous places of accommodation, caravan parks and camping grounds.
In the heart of the Garden Route is a quaint little town called Brenton-on-Sea. This small town lies on the edge of the shoreline a few kilometres from Knysna. For more information to buy vacant land or a house, please call Sophie Joubert on 082 572 2729.
Musselcracker are prolific in Mossel Bay. Along the entire coast elf, kob and leervis run in autumn and winter and off the cliffs are many big rock feeders. Knysna lagoon offers sport for the fisherman with light tackle – galjoen, hottentot, roman, grunter and kob.
Plettenberg Bay is a favourite of fishermen. Gillies – or guides – can be hired. Large rock feeders are common. In autumn there are shoals of elf and notably large yellowtail. Big catchers are often taken.
The rivers of the Garden Route are ideal for canoes. The upper reaches simply lose themselves in forest. The Kaaimans waterfall can only be reached by canoe. The chain of lakes between Wilderness and Knysna is linked by serpentine waterways.
Camping and caravanning
There are caravan and camping grounds within easy access of all towns listed in this section.
Marine plants are rich along the coast, matching the beauty of the flora on shore. Small fish are numerous and many sea-horses live in Knysna lagoon.
A pleasant way to see the wonders of the Garden Route is from the windows of a train. The line from George to Knysna passes through marvellous scenery. The trip from George over the Outeniqua Mountains to Camfer and Oudtshoorn includes one of the grandest railway passes in Africa, with tunnels, cuttings and tremendous views.
The waves at Victoria Bay are majestic, especially in winter. There is also surfing in Mossel Bay and Buffalo Bay.
The beaches at Plettenberg Bay are particularly safe. Mossel Bay also has fine swimming beaches with little trouble from sharks. The rivers of the Garden Route, free of the parasites of tropical rivers, provide excellent fresh-water swimming.
The whole Garden Route is memorable walking country. The walker sees the best of it. One of the most rewarding of all South African wilderness trails is the Outeniqua Trail. It takes 7 to 14 days to complete. The Otter Trail in the Tsitsikama national park is a 3-day hike.
Exploring any part of the high forests by foot takes the walker along scenic paths, silent, solitary, cool and lovely.
The elephants of thee Knysna forests are the remnants of a famous, once numerous population. They are large specimens of their kind. It has been suggested that living in a high forest area stimulated their growth, while the elephant community of thee Addo bush, further east, were slightly stunted because they lived in an area of low shrub.
The Knysna elephants, unfortunately for themselves, carried excellent ivory and were systematically hunted. Sportsmen, too, were attracted to the forest by the size of the elephants, and, using the local inhabitants as guides, the hunted the big bulls and carried away their heads, tusks and tails as trophies.
Today, the last of these animals live in the depths of the forest and are seldom seen.
They are silent, elusive creatures, occasionally looming out of the shadows and surprising foresters, hikers and campers. Motorists see them crossing the roads and relate exciting tales of charges and narrow escapes.
With the habits of these elephants confining them to deep forests, they are difficult to photograph and little is known about their numbers, or whether they have, in their isolation, developed different characteristics from those of Savannah elephants in the rest of Africa.
In former years, elephants were found as far south as the Cape Peninsula, and up the west coast as far as the Olifants River and the verges of Namaqualand. These elephants of the far south of Africa were blood-brothers of the Knysna elephants.
There was no way elephants could have crossed the more arid Karoo areas or Namaqualand – they could only have migrated down the watercourses to the Orange River or the well-watered Garden Route, or retreated up it when pressed by hunters from the settlement at the Cape.
The elephants of Knysna are therefore the last of a most interesting branch of their kind, they belong to the same species, Loxodonta Africana, as all the bush or Savannah elephants of Africa, but their life-style has modified their habits, causing them to resemble those of one of the two sub-species of African elephant – the forest elephant, Loxodonta Africana Cyclotis, whose habitat is the equatorial forests of West and Central Africa.
In appearance, however, the Knysna elephants are identical to the bush elephants. Both have curved tusks of excellent soft ivory, easily carved, unlike the brittle ivory of the forest elephants.
Left to themselves, these Knysna elephants will linger on in their forest home for an indefinite period. The have a rich food supply and ample water. Excessive dampness is their greater enemy, inflicting them with rheumatism.
They breed quite regularly, but elephants are not fast breeders. Breeding starts when they are about 12 years old, and their prime is between 40 and 50 years. The gestation period is 22 months.
Life in the high forest also has special hazards for calves, they can be trapped in mud, catch a cold or be pinned by falling trees.
At Sophie’s Properties we take great pride and care for these majestically creatures dwelling in our forests. Would you like to move closer to nature? Brenton-on-Sea is a small coastal town surrounded by nature reserves and overlooking the Indian Ocean. Contact Sophie on 082 572 2729 to view upmarket houses and vacant stands for sale.
An attractive drive along the western bank of Knysna’s lagoon, winding down the hillside, brings you to the charming little Holy Trinity Church at Belvedere, a perfect example in miniature of the Norman churches built in England during the 11th and 12th centuries. The church was erected here in the mid-19th century by Thomas Henry Duthie.
Duthie, a captain in the 72nd Highland Regiment, was stationed at the Cape and went on a hunting trip to the Knysna area, where he met his future wife Caroline, the daughter of George Rex. After living for a while in England they returned to Knysna and Duthie bought from his father-in-law the estate of Belvedere (beautiful to be hold) – a splendid tract of land here on the western banks of the lagoon. With the help of his neighbours he then set about building this little church. The work took five years, and a great many difficulties and obstacles had to be overcome. The bell that now hangs above the main door was cast in England and was lost overboard in the lagoon, being recovered only several months later.
Continuing coastward, the road climbs steadily, offering grand vistas over the lagoon, and after cresting the hills and passing a side road to the lagoon again at Brenton, drops to the resort of Brenton-on-Sea, an assortment of smart holiday houses sprinkled over the coastal hillsides. The road ends at a small hotel, where a short path will take you down to a wide stretch of golden beach reaching away to Walker Point in the distance. About a kilometre east of here is another beach, more gently sloping and preferred as a bathing beach by locals and regular visitors, but getting to and from it involves a considerable hike.
In the late 1870’s alluvial gold was found in the forest streams west of the Knysna River. It took a while to assess the value of the find but by 1887 the rush was on. Where once there had stood only a small water-powered sawmill in the forests, suddenly there appeared a town with six hotels, three competing newspapers, over twenty shops and banks, and a population estimated at more than 700 fortune-seekers.
There was gold, both alluvial and reef gold, but not very much of it. After a few exciting years the mines began to close, the diggers moved on to the Witwatersrand and the site of the short-lived boom town returned to nature. Today it is almost impossible to believe that a town once existed here. What was once its main street is just another track through the forest.
To explore the old goldfields, take the Rheenendal road and immediately after passing through the village turn right onto a gravel road signposted Bibby’s Hoek. This brings you to the shady picnic site of Krisjan-se-nek in the heart of the indigenous forest. Driving on from here, keep left where the road divides, and at the second fork go left again. This road leads down into Jubilee Creek, an attractive picnic and braai area and one of the streams where alluvial gold was found. A footpath leads upstream along the right bank, bringing you eventually to several old mine openings and a small pool at the foot of a waterfall.
When you drive back from Jubilee Creek turn left at the first fork. After about 4 kilometres you reach the site of Millwood, passing on your right a road to the old town cemetery, and then reaching a fork. The road leading left here, merely a forest track now, was once Millwood’s main street. If you take the road leading right, and at the next fork go right again, you will eventually reach the boiler of an old steam engine in a clearing on your left; this was the site of the stamp battery for the old Bendigo mine.
A sign her points downhill to the opening of the main Bendigo tunnel, which you can reach most easily by driving back the way you came and taking the first turn to your left. The tunnel reaches 200 metres into the hillside but is too dangerous to explore.
The new tarred access road to Buffalo Bay undulates for several kilometres through the brilliant green valley of the Goukamma River, crosses several lines of scrub-covered sand dunes, and then runs in a south-easterly direction along the coast past two beautiful golden strands. The first is the long beach at the mouth of the Goukamma, the second is the attractive curved and gently sloping beach of Walker’s Bay. Eventually you reach the little village of Buffalo Bay, a tight cluster of holiday homes set on the narrow promontory of Walker Point.
Here visitors enjoy a surfeit of fine sandy beaches. In addition to those at Walker’s Bay and the Goukamma, a lovely beach sweeps eastwards from Walker Point along the entire coast to Brenton-on-Sea and the back of Knysna’s western head. This is a popular beach for both swimmers and surfers, and is particularly scenic also, forming a great curving ribbon of gold, backed by the green hills of Brenton.
Walker Point itself is rocky, with numerous fascinating rock pools to be explored at low tide. On its eastern side, where Buffalo Bay’s beach meets the first stretch of stony shore, there is a particularly gentle bay and a slipway for powerboat fishermen. On its western side ridges of rock run toughly parallel to the shore creating deep-water gullies and offering many vantage points to anglers fishing from the rocks. Several hundred metres to the west, from the smaller rocky promontory that forms the western limit of Walker’s Bay, there is a striking view along the coast past Gericke’s Point to the distant bulk of the Outeniqua Mountains.
Buffalo Bay village abuts directly on the eastern end of the Goukamma Nature Reserve, which incorporates the lagoon at the mouth of the Goukamma River and the entire coastal strip stretching westwards to Groenvlei. The eastern ban of the pretty lagoon has been developed as an attractively lawned picnic area with stone tables and seats, braai places, drinking water and toilets. From the northern end of this picnic area you can walk across a long suspension footbridge over the dark water of the river, then take any of a variety of footpaths leading through the western section of the reserve. The principal hiking trail through the reserve leads to a stretch of coast known as Oesterbank: an area of surf-battered rocks that is home to the indigenous oyster Crassostrea Margaritacea.
The reserve contains a wild region of scrub-covered sand dunes, the whole of Groenvlei, and many kilometres of unspoilt coastline. It is noted particularly for the variety of bird species that can be spotted here – roughly 150, including the African fish eagle and the marsh harrier.
Brenton-on-Sea houses and stands
Should you fancy an upmarket modern house on the shores of South Africa, Brenton-on-Sea offers spectacular sea views and beautiful sceneries. To buy a house or stand, contact Sophie Joubert today!
The romantic, enigmatic and forceful personality of George Rex is part of the folk-lore of Southern Africa. He arrived in the Cape in 1797, at the time of the first British occupation. A man of distinguished bearing, he was well-educated and obviously well-connected.
In Cape Town he was appointed marshal of the vice-admiralty court, notary public to the governor, and advocate for the Crown. He met Johanna, the beautiful young widow of a well-to-do merchant, and settled down with her and her four children.
When the British occupation ended he remained in the Cape and in 1804, at the age of 39, he purchased the farm Melkhoutkraal, on the shores of the Knysna Lagoon.
To reach this farm, Rex made a coach journey on a grand scale. His wife and her children rode with him in a coach bearing a coat of arms and drawn by six horses. Riding alongside the coach was a retinue of friends.
To the awed locals thee journey resembled a royal procession – and the name of the man, George Res, conjured up images of royalty travelling incognito.
Stories spread that Rex was the son of George III of England and Hannah Lightfoot, daughter of a Wapping shoemaker. Modern research does not confirm this belief, and there is no record of Rex ever having made any such claim. But his life-style and grand manner convinced the residents of the Cape, and especially of Knysna, that the man in their midst was indeed of royal descent.
Rex rebuilt the homestead of Melkhoutkraal, which had been destroyed in a Xhosa raid, and created a beautiful, rambling home for his family – now there were eight children. The farm was expanded. There was a watermill, blacksmith’s shop and spinnery producing silkworms fed on thee leaves of groves of mulberries. The lagoon occupied the full attention of Rex. He started a fishery, built boats from the timber of the forest and persuaded the British admiralty to develop Knysna as a port.
On 11 February 1817, the first vessel to enter the lagoon, the naval brig Emu, came to grief on a sunken rock and had to be run ashore to save it from sinking. For Rex and the people of Knysna watching from the shore, this was a sad spectacle, but it was not the end of the venture. The navy sent up a second vessel to salvage the first and this, the Podargus, had no difficulty in entering and leaving the lagoon in May 1817.
From then on Knysna was established as a port for medium-sized vessels.
Rex built his own 127-ton vessel, the Knysna, on the shores of the lagoon, and used the ship for trading along the coast.
Rex never returned to Britain. He died on 3 April 1839 after a full and rewarding life.
One of the best-known of his descendants is the celebrated clown Stompie.
R 1 800 000
Exclusive Mandate – Negotiable
3 Beds 3 Baths 2 Garages
Floor Area: 160m²
Land area: 682m²
Yes !!!! You can have everything !!!
Quaint, Well-Built Log Cabin nestled in sought after and popular holiday destination, Brenton On Sea.
This exclusive beach cottage offers 3 bedrooms en-suite with large open plan lounge and open-plan living space leading and decks.
Keeping the needs of the clients in mind, it offers a home to suit everyone built on two levels and offers the following features : Modern well fitted kitchen, fireplace, doors from 2 bedrooms leading to open outside deck, double volume ceiling for loads of natural light, lovely north facing deck and 2 x 5 000 litres rain water tanks and pump.
In addition to the large double garage, there is plenty of driveway parking for visitors and a private established luscious garden with large indigenous trees.
Ideal for holiday occupation, permanent living or just as an investment ..
What are you waiting for ??!!!
Key Property Features:
- 3 Bedrooms
- 3 Bathrooms
- 3 En-suite
- 2 Garages
- 1 Lounges
- 2 Storeys
- Pets Allowed